ABOUT SINGALILA NATIONAL PARK

Singalila National Park is situated on the north-western part of Darjeeling District. Its total area is 78.60 sqkm. Singalila was a Sikkim Forest. In 1882 British Government brought these Singalila forest on lease from the Sikkimese Raja. Later on after Independence, this forest became the part of Darjeeling District (West Bengal) and in 1992, it was declared as the National Park for the conservation of this forest and it was under the Wildlife Forest Department and named it as “Singalila National Park”.

The main motive of the Government to declare Singalila forest as Singalila National Park was that, it was a home of 80-90 species of mammals. Among which some of the rare (endanger) species of mammals such as Red Panda, Clouded Leopard, Black Panther, Chinese Pangolin, Himalayan Black Bear, Red Throated Hill Patridge, Satryn Tragopan, Blood Pheasant, Sylendor Billed Babbler etc. are found in this National Park, Beside this, around 20-22 varieties of Rhododendron as well as many varieties of Plants, Herbs, Medicinal Plant such as Aconite, Dactylorhiza hatagirea, Rhyum, Saleonium tenifolium, Voleriana jatamansi, Swerita chirata, Himalayan giensing etc. also found in this National Park.

Singalila National Park is divided into two Ranges (i) North Range (Rimbick) and (ii) South Range (Maneybhanjyang). Within this two ranges there are four beats namely, (i) Gairibas, (ii) Sandkphu, (iii) Rammam and (iv) Gorkhey. The Singalila National Park also has 7 blocks namely (i) Rithu, (ii) South Rimbick (iii) Sandakphu, (iv) Siri, (v) Rammam, (vi) Sabarkum or Sabargram and (vii) Phalut.

To conserve or protect this National Park, Wildlife Forest department forest guards was not sufficient. So, the government decided, that this National Park can be conserve only with the help of local people, So the Government trained thousands of Youths from the Darjeeling town, Maneybhanjyang, Dhotray, Rimbick, Mazuwa, Jaubari, Khopidara, Gurdum, Damay Gaon, Gorkhey, Sepi, Rammam and other surrounding villages for the conservation purpose as this National Park was also famous for trekking, cycling, hiking, camping, landrover safari, village trek etc. This trekking route is a famous and oldest trek route (Sandakphu-Phalut Trek or Singalila trek) which falls under the Singalila National Park. So, the government made it mandatory/compulsory for all tourists/visitors, who are visiting, trekking or driving by vehicles. Within this National Park, tourists/visitors should be accompanied by trained and registered guides of Wildlife Department. These guides has been issued departmental Identity Card. And these guides can be available at any of the entrance point of Singalila trek at any time at the following places (i) Maneybhanjyang- Highlander Guides and Porters Welfare Association, (ii) Dhotray – Nature Guides Association, (iii) Rimbick – Rimbick Guide Association and in Darjeeling recognized tours & travel is companies i.e. Clubside Tour & Travels, Himalayan Tour & Travels, Remo Tour & Travels, Adventures Unlimited, Himalayan Gateway, Trek Mate, Nawang Tour & Travels, Somewhere over the rainbow, Shikhar Tour & Travels, Himalayan Voyages etc.

Besides all Singalila National Park or Singalila Trek (Sandakphu-Phalut trek) is famous for the panoramic view of the gigantic Himalayas from Nepal to Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh (India), uptill Bhutan. The four famous mountains which are above 8000 mts. beside (K-2) is viewed from Sandakphu Phalut area. Sunrise and Sunset of Sandakphu is world famous. The landscape of this region is the added point of this trek, the people, culture, their way of living, their economic condition, their mountain life, makes these trek a wonderful moment to the trekkers. So, while you are in Darjeeling District for holiday never forgot for the Singalila Trek (Singalila – Phalut trek).